The rationale for the Aid Management Policy (AMP) is to provide direction for the Government of the Republic of Vanuatu (hereinafter, the Government) to coordinate and manage all development assistance flows to enhance the overall effectiveness of the assistance to achieve national development outcomes. The policy is also to provide direction to Vanuatu’s development partners so there is a true partnership for development planning, management and evaluation. An accompanying document, the National Aid Management Implementation Strategy, identifies the functions, responsibilities and processes that accompanies and further implements the AMP.

The Policy is aligned with the Government’s National Planning Framework (NPF) as well as the international framework that helps countries such as Vanuatu cooperate with development  partners and take the lead for all development activities.

These frameworks are described below to indicate a national framework for development assistance that is in compliance with international standards and commitments. This policy emphasizes the use of the national framework for the direction and alignment of development with a focus on the Busan Global Partnership for Effective Development (2011) commitments.

These commitments include:
1. Ownership of development priorities by developing countries;
2. Focus on results;
3. Inclusive development partnerships; and
4. Transparency and accountability between countries and development partners.

The utilization of the national and international frameworks becomes more important as Vanuatu is expected to graduate from being a Least Developed Country (LDC) in 2020.